Note that the advice in this article is geared specifically towards musicians and does not address going full time in other music industry careers.
Taking the plunge and deciding to play music full time is exciting - and terrifying. How do you know when the time is right? Will you be able to pay your bills while playing gigs? There are a lot of questions to consider.
Of course, if you're ever REALLY going to make it as a musician, this is a step you're going to have to take someday. Some people might get lucky and walk straight from their day job into musical riches, but don't count on it working that way for you. Most likely, you're decision to go full time in music is going to be a calculated gamble, and there's going to have the a little bit of "cross your fingers and hope for the best" involved. That's reality.
It's also the reality that you CAN make it as a full time musician. You just need to plan carefully and honestly evaluate the situation. For our purposes here, let's assume that there is no label or big advance in place and that you are going to be making the move independently. Weigh up these factors before you make your decision:
What Are You Priorities?:
Realistically, going full time as a musician usually requires sacrifices, at least in the early stages. Are you willing to make them? In other words, for the sake of your music career, are you willing to skip some nights out to save some cash? Forgo a new pair of shoes? Maybe live with roommates to cut down on living expenses? Many people make a comfortable living at music - and many more people accept a lower standard of living than they might ideally like to have in order to devote time and cash to getting their careers off the ground. Are you willing to make those kinds of trades, in hopes of making it in music? If not, going full time might not be right for you.
Remember that if you're not just making plans for yourself - say, if you have four other mouths to feed - that this isn't just a decision you're making for yourself. Is everyone else ready to pitch in and tow the line? You're going to need some support, both moral support and maybe even some financial support. This is the time to make sure your priorities are on the same page as your family's priorities. Things could get rocky otherwise.
Are You Already Making Money At Music?:
What kind of earning potential do you have as a musician? If you've never had a paying gig, you should dip your toes in the water a little bit as a part time musician before you jump into full time musician mode. Not only will you need a good cadre of contacts for booking gigs and such that you build up over time, you'll also need a realistic idea of how much money you get paid play. Which brings us to our next point...
Can You Make Enough As a Musician In Your Town?:
Not every town lends itself to supporting full time musicians. What is the going rate for gigs in your area? Are there enough venues to keep you going? Touring is an option, of course, but in the absence of tour support and the ability to demand high guarantees for your show, touring is more likely to cost you money than cushion your bank account. You need to be within easy reach of enough music establishments to keep the ball rolling or you need to consider relocating to someplace more practical.
You Know It's a Job, Right?:
Becoming your own boss and becoming a full time musicians sounds really great. Then, 560 hours of Judge Judy later, you realize you haven't actually accomplished much. Make no mistake about it - going full time as a musician is a full time job like any other. In reality, you might even call it full time plus. This is especially true if you don't have a label or anyone else sharing part of the burden. You have to work extremely hard to promote yourself, play shows, book shows, manage contacts...and that's all before you practice or write. This road can be a fulfilling one, but don't think for a second it's an easy one. You must be ready to work.
Do You Have a Financial Cushion?:
Even if you have a steady flow of gigs coming in, there's likely to be an earning lag. Make sure you can manage your finances as you make the transition. Sure, it's not very fun, but here's what happens if you don't take this concern seriously: you quit your job that is letting your get some music time in, you spend a few months falling into debt, and then you frantically have to take any job you can to make up the shortfall - probably one that leaves you less time for music than you had to begin with. That's a drag. Be realistic about the timing so you don't end up one step back from where you started.
OK, that's the harsh reality out of the way. Now the pep talk: this is a chance worth taking for many musicians. Much of what separates the people who do music full time from the people who don't is that the full timers finally just crossed their fingers and gave it a shot. Give yourself the best chance possible with careful planning, then when you're ready, cross your fingers and do the same.
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